Capt. Timothy/1 Wheeler

M, #3072, (28 December 1604 - 30 July 1687)
Father*Thomas/a Wheeler1 b. c 1560
Mother*Rebecca (–?–)1 b. s 1568
Appears on charts:Descendants of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks
Descendants of Mary/2a Brooks
Custom index:Philip's War (1675-76)
Last Edited:6 Jun 2019

Child with Susanna Knight:

  • Deborah/2 Wheeler27 b. 12 Apr 1637

Child with Jane (–?–):

Children with Mary/2a Brooks:

Signature of Timothy wheler, dated 22 Aug 1653.
Capt. Timothy/1 Wheeler, baptised 28 Dec 1604 at Cranfield, Bedfordshire1, was named executor in his father Thomas's will, 7 Dec 1627.

And also my will is that Timothie wheler my sonne shall have half of my messuage Closes + landes & medowes at Borne end aforeaid & half the benifitt & pfitt thereof for Thre yeares next after my decease (for an ease or helpe towards the payment of my debts) All the rest of my goods & Cattelles as well Reales as psonales, unbequeathed, I give & bequeath to the said Timothie my sonne whom I make my full & sole executor of this my last will and testament.2

     He married (1), 30 Apr 1632 at Cranfield, Susanna Knight of Cranfield, daughter of John Knight, with whom he had a daughter.3 There he was named in the will, 10 Apr 1637, of his sister Abiah.1 Susanna probably died in England prior to Timothy's emigration to New England about 1639, having borne one daughter.3
     "In a deed dated 19 February 1637/8, Timothy, Joseph and Ephraim Wheeler, yeomen, of Cranfield, sold two and one half acres of 'Ferry Field' to Edward Odell of The Ash at Cranfield, for 12 pounds. The land was located between that late of Thomas Reade on the north and that of William Odell on the south…They probably left Cranfield the next year for Timothy and Joseph Wheeler were made freemen in Massachusetts on 13 May 1640…."3 According to Shattuck, Timothy and two brothers arrived at Concord, Massachusetts, in 1639, "and all were heads of families."4 Bond calls Timothy "an early proprietor of Watertown."5
     He married (2), by 1640, Jane (–?–), with whom he had a daughter.5,3 She died at Concord 12 Feb 1642/43.6 Timothy, Thomas and Ephraim Wheeler were among those who petitioned the General Court, 7 Sep 1643, seeking additional land near Concord:

Whereas your humble petitioners came into this country about 4 years agoe, and have since then lived at Concord, where we were forced to buy what now we have, or the most of it, the convenience of the town being before given out: your petitioners having been brought up in husbandry, of children, finding the lands about the town very barren, and the meadows very wet and unuseful, especially those we now have interest in; and knowing it is your desire the lands might be subdued, have taken pains to search out a place on the north west of our town, where we do desire some reasonable quantitie of land may be granted unto us, which we hope may in time be joined to the farms already laid out there to make a village. And so desiring God to guide you in this and all other your weighty occasions, we rest your humble petitioners.7,3

He signed another petition at Concord, this time seeking tax relief, 14 May 1645.8 22 Aug 1653, Timothy wheler was one of a number of Concord signatories to an agreement to contribute an aggregate of £5 yearly to "the colledge at Cambridge," later Harvard College, for a term of seven years.9, and was ensign at the time of the town's division into districts, 2 Jan 1654.10
     He married (3), perhaps circa 1655 at Concord (Torrey, though the record is not found), Mary/2a Brooks, daughter of Capt. Thomas/1a Brooks and Grace/1 Cunliffe, with whom he had 3 daughters.11,12 Timothy and George Wheeler together "owned a large amount of land in the center of [Concord]," says Tolman.13
     "On 23 May 1666, Captain Timothy Wheeler was one of those signing the report of a committee which had reviewed Major General John Leverett's preparations for the defense of Boston."3 Commissioner of Concord (with Thomas Brooks and Robert Merriam), 28 Mar 1667.14
     Timothy's father-in-law Thomas Brooks died 21 May 1667. Thomas's male heirs—three sons and son-in-law Timothy—presented the estate inventory 16 June 1667 and the following day signed an agreement for division of the estate.15,12
     1684, resident at Concord in the house of Peter Bulkeley. "This was betw. the houses of Daniel Shattuck, Esq. and Capt. John Stacy," says Shattuck.16 That same year he bought 1,000 acres for the town from the Indians. The deed he negotiated represented one of several land purchases by the town from the Indians which were, for the most part, set off 75 years later into the town of Acton.17
     "Timothy Wheeler's will of 1 Mar 1686/7 (Anno qe Regni Jacobi Secundi tertio or in the third year of the reign of James II) was proved 7 Sep 1687. He named wife Mary, lands at Charlestown and at Town End; daughter Rebecca Minot, homestead and lands at Concord; grandchildren Sarah Jones, lands at Concord, Timothy Prout and Joseph Prout, house and land at Boston; cousins [sic; they were nephews and niece] Joshua Wheeler, Samuel Wheeler, and his sister Susanna Shipley [children of Timothy's sister Susanna by her husband Obadiah Wheeler], Joseph, Ephraim, and Deliverance, children of his brother Thomas, lands at Concord; Ephraim and Joseph, youngest sons of his nephew Sergeant Thomas Wheeler, lands at Concord. He left over three acres to be used in support of Concord's school and 40 acres of woodland in the east quarter to help keep Concord's ministry. Mr. James Minot, brother Caleb Brooks, and nephew Sergeant Wheeler were named to see the will duly performed. Witnesses were Joseph Estabrook, James and Humphrey Barrett."18,3
     Timothy Wheeler died at Concord 30 Jul 1687, aged 86, according to his gravestone, but (correctly) age 82 according to his will19,3,20, and is interred with his 3rd wife Mary in the Hill Burying Ground20,21, his g.s. inscribed, The Memory of the Just is Blessed.20,21
     Says Shattuck, "Captain Wheeler also bequeathed to the town 40 acres of woodland, 'to be improved from time to time for the use and benefit of the ministers of the said town.' This was the present ministerial lot; and the people were long accustomed to hold a bee, when a sufficient quantity of wood for the minister's annual consumption was drawn from this lot to his door."5,22

Local Notes:

Appointed6 May 1646, Concord, MAAppointed, 6 May 1646, ensign in the Concord company of Captain Simon Willard, "who was promoted from lieutenant that same day."3
Appointed7 Jan 1654, Concord, MAOverseer of the East Quarter, where he resided next to his future father-in-law, Capt. Thomas Brooks: The east quarter by there familyes, are from Henry Farweles all eastwards with Thomas Brooke, Ensign Wheeler, Robert Meriam, Georg Meriam, John Adames, Richard Rice.10
Property1 Sep 1657, Charlestown, MASept. 1, 1657, for £140, he bought the house, and several lots of land belonging to the estate of Dr. Richard Palgrave, of Charlestown.5
Property1660, Medford, MAHe bought, with his son-law Timothy Wheeler, a 400-acre farm in Medford, a remainder of which today [1998] is known as the Brooks Estate, for £404 sterling.

"In 1660 he and his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, jointly bought of Edward Collins, for £404, 400 acres in Medford, a house and some artifacts. One third of it was for Wheeler. (Middlesex Deeds 2:118)."

"Thomas Brooke did not remain long at Watertown. He is next heard of in Concord, where he died. But before his death he purchased in connection with his son-in-law a farm in the town of Medford, where the Mystic River was a strong attraction. Henceforth the Brooks family becomes identified with Medford, as Medford is to a large degree identified witth the fortunes of this family, furnishing as it did a never-failing supply of representatives to the General Court, selectmen, also, and heads of committees, town treasurers, and afterwards benefactors in the building of churches and schoolhouses. The history of Medford illustrates the activity of the Brooks family, their sterling integrity, and the admiration and honor in which they were held," says Allen.

Charles Brooks says, "In 1660 he, with his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, bought 400 acres of land in Medford, for 404 pounds sterling, which he owned at the time of his death. His farm in Medford was bought of Edward Collins, and thus, probably, a part of the great Cradock estate."

For more on Mathew CRADOCK, the principal of the London Company and the man behind the 1630 settlement expedition of 17 ships, see "History of Medford," p. 532.5,23
Property1660"In 1660 [Thomas Brooks], with his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, bought 400 acres of land in Medford, for 404 pounds sterling, which he owned at the time of his death. His farm in Medford was bought of Edward Collins, and thus, probably, a part of the great Cradock estate." — Charles Brooks, History of Medford
     For more on Mathew Cradock, the principal of the London Company and the man behind the 1630 settlement expedition of 17 ships, see History of Medford, p. 532.5,23
Appointed1 Apr 1662, Cambridge, MALeift. Timothy Wheeler, being chosen by the military company of Concord for their Capt. & orderly returned to this Court for acceptance, as also Ensigne Joseph Wheeler for their Leiftennant & Sergt. William Busse for their Ensigne, and Richard Rice, Thomas Bateman, & Thomas Wheeler senr. for their sergts. & Wm Buttricke, Samuel Stratton, & Jno. Scotchford for corporalls, This Court, being informed that the sd choyce is legull & hath been oerderly made, Do accept & approve of the same.24
Electedfrom 1663 to 1672, Concord, MABond says "Rep. of Concord, 18 years" [should read "8 years"?]

R.D. Wheeler: "By 1663, Captain Timothy Wheeler was serving as deputy for Concord to the General Court of Massachusetts Bay, a position he held with regularity until 1672."25,3
Electedbetween 1671 and 1673, Concord, MASelectman.25
Appointed23 May 1666, Concord, MAOn that same day he was appointed together with Mr. Edward Collins and Captain Richard Beers to resolve a boundary dispute between Billerica and Woburn. They were also tasked to lay out 500 acres in response to a petition from Francis and John Wyman. On 10 Oct 1666, the committee reported the land laid out and the boundaries set. The General Court deemed this acceptable, but the matter did not rest. Later, the committee, without Edward Collins, but otherwise augmented, recommended that the Wymans contribute equally to the support of both Billerica and Woburn."3
Property1672, Charlestown, MAESTATE.—T.C. buys of Timothy Wheeler, house and 1 acre 8 poles, where T.C. now lives…1672, rec. 1682.26
Appointed13 Oct 1675"At the height of King Philip's War, just after his brother Captain Thomas Wheeler was wounded, Timothy on 13 Oct 1675 was tasked by the General Court: Whereas in Concord & the towns adjacent there is a necessity of a gunsmith to be resident there, for the fixing up of armes, from tyme to tyme, during this warr, it is hereby ordered, that Capt Timothy Wheeler be hereby impowered to impress an able gunsmith, who is to repaire to Concord, who shall carefully and diligently attend that service3"

Source Citations/Notes:

  1. [S354] Raymond David Wheeler, The Wheeler Genealogy, 1:4.
  2. [S354] R.D. Wheeler, The Wheeler Genealogy, 1:3.
  3. [S354] R.D. Wheeler, The Wheeler Genealogy, 1:67-68.
  4. [S182] Lemuel Shattuck, History of the Town of Concord, 385, Wheeler genealogy.
  5. [S83] Henry Bond, Watertown Genealogies, 1:721.
  6. [S185] Concord, Massachusetts Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1635–1850, 3, Jane Wheeler d.
  7. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 14–15: petition for new lands to the north.
  8. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 16–17, petition for tax relief.
  9. [S1756] Charles Henry Pope, Willard Genealogy, "The Concord Subscription," vii-viii. Full particulars of this document may also be found at
  10. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 34–35, division of town.
  11. [S221] Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages, 103, Timothy Wheeler: "c 1655."
  12. [S1405] John Brooks Threlfall, Ancestry of my Children, 512, Thomas Brooks.
  13. [S324] George Tolman, "The Wheeler Families of Old Concord, Mass.," 1.
  14. [S1272] "Middlesex County Court Files (1649-1675)," online database at
  15. [S1300] John Gorham Palfrey, History of New England During the Stuart Dynasty, 2:29: "Ward's laws of inheritance and of servitude borrowed principles from the Law of Moses. The oldest son of a parent dying intestate was to have 'a double portion of his whole estate, real and personal, unless the General Court, upon just cause alleged, should judge otherwise.'"
  16. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 7, last paragraph & footnote.
  17. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 41–43.
  18. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 214, legacy of Timothy Wheeler.
  19. [S185] Concord BMD, 432, Capt. Timothy Wheeler d. (g.s.).
  20. [S148], memorial #22546816.
  21. [S2363] Concord Gravemarker Data, OHBG-521, Capt. Timothy Wheeler.
  22. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 365, 385–86, Brooks & Wheeler genealogies.
  23. [S282] John Brooks Threlfall, "Thomas Brooks," 9: "In 1660 he and his son-in-law, Timothy Wheeler, jointly bought of Edward Collins, for £404, 400 acres in Medford, a house and some artifacts. One third of it was for Wheeler. (Middlesex Deeds 2:118)."
  24. [S2396], "Massachusetts Town Clerk Records, 1626-2001," Middlesex County Court Records 1649-1663, v. 1, image 139 of 169.
  25. [S182] Shattuck, Hist. Concord, 235, town officers.
  26. [S318] Thomas Bellows Wyman, Charlestown Estates, 1:249, Thomas (1.) Crosswell.
  27. [S354] R.D. Wheeler, The Wheeler Genealogy, 1:69.
  28. [S185] Concord BMD, 3, Sarah Wheeler b.
  29. [S185] Concord BMD, 8, Mary Wheeler b.; 9, d.
  30. [S185] Concord BMD, 10, Elizabeth Wheeler b.
  31. [S106] NEHGS Register, Lemuel Shattuck, "The Minot Family" (1847), 1:173.